Four literature streams are discussed which each provide insight into this relationship. Science and Technology Centres perform a pivotal role in technology To avoid making investments in industries that will inevitably not be competitive, industrially developing countries should be careful when deciding which types of industry to foster. Indonesian experiences with the aircraft industry suggest that the transfer of technology in this sector is extremely difficult, and even if technology is actually transferred it does not necessarily lead to a viable industry. A second mainstream in technology transfer, mostly present in industrialising countries, also concerns technological development but now it is related to building up technological capabilities all the way to research in order to catch up with industrialised countries. Industrially developing countries may even pursue a strategy of developing high technology competencies. We conducted four case studies in the aircraft industry and analyzed the problems that occurred. The role of the university as a source of new technologies and knowl- edge and in creating conditions for effective transfer of technology, which in- cludes. ... nd horizontal transfer of technology. endobj 2 0 obj Suggestions for future research are also given. with factors enables an integrated view on international technology transfer. For many industrially developing countries, technology transfer is seen as a road towards technological and economic development. In this article, the concept of the Technology Building is introduced. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. International transfer of technology is a widely discussed area in the scientific x��X�n�8}7�У�i�D�EQ��u�n��q�(�>���d7�l괛���ȢDY��6�"�b�CΙ33��������d��^������v>�> ������i3��,�V���z��Uttr�������7��(��HS�qeL#�~�F{y��}���s4~�������8�8>Zo���!�5��A%:��8 ɤ��Md��P�4�E�w����ID�"�Z��n��,�V�D�� yK3"u�#��6Nt| © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. This paper in an extension of a <>>> Indonesian experiences with the aircraft industry suggest that the transfer of technology in this sector is extremely difficult, and even if technology is actually transferred it does not necessarily lead to a viable industry. It is extremely challenging for industrially developing countries to develop a competitive position in this high technology and global industry. Related to economic development I am looking at clusters and their development in Hawaii. cases of foreign direct investment where companies set-up existing manufacturing lines in new The research revealed that many technology transfer projects do not or, at best, only marginally contribute to technological development. The paper contributes to the management of technology field by summarizing different views that relate to technology and economy. The focus is on Brazil, China, Indonesia and Romania. The system of technologies is then “transferred” to Costa Rica and the culture specific problems discussed as seen by two evaluators from yet a third culture (the United States). endobj It also showed that the aircraft industry, and possibly other industries as well, might be better suited to specific countries. the learning curve is introduced. Technology transfer is the application of technology to a new use or user [5] or a movement of technology from one knowledge domain to another [6]. Information Technology A broad class of technology based on machines that process data and perform calculations at high speed known as computers. It is therefore not surprising that many of the industrially developing nations follow explicit strategies to increase their technological competence level. developed strategies vary in their characteristics. This technology transfer process often leads to difficulties, for example delays and much higher costs than anticipated. International Journal of Intercultural Relations. It is concluded that industrially developing countries are stuck in a very difficult situation. locations. ���/����W����?F�@ǣ�D�'����{?���Ġ��-ȥPDB[�\@6�Q�L�l��۫�d�r. These three phases are influenced by three The Open University system of technologies is described as it exists in England and the system specific problems of these technologies are delimited. Then, the effect of universities on the regional economy is explored. Technology Transfer: An Overview of Process Transfer From Development to Commercialization, TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER AS INNOVATION DRIVER FOR GROWTH, Technology and economic development: A literature review, Judging The International Transfer Of Technology, International technology transfer: building theory from a multiple case-study in the aircraft industry, Developing countries and the aircraft industry: Match or mismatch, THE IMPORTANT ROLE OF TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER IN PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY-A REVIEW, International Technology Transfer: Building Theory from Multiple Case-study in the Aircraft Industry, ROLE AND IMPORTANCE OF TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER, The cross-cultural transfer of educational technology: A myth. In the following, the most significant ways for technology transfer are cited. suggestions are provided for future research. International technology transfer occurs frequently in international operations, for example in Technology transfer is a process by which various elements of technology are transferred from one individual or group to another for meeting the needs of business or society. successful transfer of technology, research was undertaken with a focus on the process of technology transfer at the operational level in industrially developing and developed countries. It was found that It also occurs in situations of international outsourcing where a new supplier receives product and/or production process information. At the company level, this process can be called exnovation in contrast to innovation. <> technology and society, technology and science, channels and models of technology transfer, the role of multinational companies in transfer of technology, etc. %PDF-1.5 technology transfer is defined as the process where all three these aspects are transferred. It may be outlined because the flow of technology from transferrer or developer to the transferee to induce an advert profit when undergoing upon mutual affection. 4 0 obj Technology is the use of scientific knowledge to create tools. a particular high technology industry: the aircraft manufacturing industry. Companies development approach is not well understood. their importance, the The third mainstream in technology transfer is the international transfer, which links the other two mainstreams. Despite. endobj transfer. Therefore, the application of an alternative instrument, technology-based firms rely on R&D inputs from outside organisations. The purpose of this paper is to explore the relationship between technology and the economy. literature. 3 0 obj international technology transfer. This paper sheds light on Instead a more incremental approach towards technological development may be more appropriate. Source Company. development and management for the USA. causes of these difficulties we used a grounded theory approach to describe the process of The implementation by Costa Rica of the Open University system of technologies developed in England is used as a case in point. National Science Foundation (NSF) funded ... Another possibility for attaining R&D capabilities, which is frequently discussed in the literature, is the "reverse industrialization cycle" [36][37][38]. In this paper indications are given on how the performance of The learning curve offers great potential to judge the transfer of To determine the key elements for a successful transfer of technology, research was undertaken with a focus on the process of technology transfer at the operational level in industrially developing and developed countries. In some cases, it is by done by a single firm.One develops technology and sell it to the customers. process. To gain insight into the model and is cumbersome and subjective. Firstly, based on the existing literature it is argued whether universities are a necessary and/or sufficient condition for economic growth. State of art technology, Proprietary Technology transfer is the process by which basic science research and fundamental discoveries are developed into practical and commercially relevant applications and products.Technology Transfer personnel evaluate and manage invention portfolios, oversee patent prosecution, negotiate licensing agreements and periodically review cooperative research agreements already in place.

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