There are a variety of microorganisms that cause health care-associated infections and ultimately, put patients at risk on a daily basis. Importance of the field: Acinetobacter baumannii has emerged as a major cause of healthcare-associated infections. Acinetobacter baumannii is a Gram negative, obligate aerobe, coccobacillus, and one of the most prevalent causes of nosocomial infections (Martín-Aspas et al., 2018).The burgeoning resistance of A. baumannii to primary antimicrobial therapies has created a deadly combination of pathogenicity and antimicrobial resistance that plagues hospitals (Roca et al., 2012). baumannii” refers to a group of three bacteria (A. baumannii, A. nosocomialis, and A. pitti) that cause more human infections than other Acinetobacter species. “Acinetobacter baumannii can cause infections in the blood, urinary tract, and lungs (pneumonia), or in wounds in other parts of the body,” says the CDC. Acinetobacter is a group of bacteria commonly found in soil and water and sometimes found on the skin of healthy people. Introduction. Despite the prevalence and interest in A. baumannii infections, there is relatively limited wellcontrolled scientific data to help the clinician select optimal empirical and subsequent targeted therapy for a variety of infections. Acinetobacter baumannii remains an important and difficult-to-treat pathogen whose resistance patterns result in significant challenges for the clinician. The species Acinetobacter baumannii accounts for about 80% of reported infections. Acinetobacter Infection Fact Sheet What is Acinetobacter? 14 “A. Acinetobacter baumannii is the species that causes approximately 80% of reported Acinetobacter infections in humans. It commonly presents resistance to multiple antimicrobial agents, occasionally including carbapenems and polymyxins, and hence, it is considered the paradigm of multidrug-resistant (MDR) or pandrug-resistant (PDR) bacterium. Acinetobacter calcoaceticus and Acinetobacter … “It can also ‘colonize’ or live in a patient without causing infections or symptoms, especially in … Abstract. There are many types or “species” of Acinetobacter that can cause human disease. Acinetobacter baumannii is an increasing cause for multidrug-resistant nosocomial infections, 13 with the potential to rival MRSA. From an infection prevention perspective, the nature of Acinetobacter baumannii makes it an organism on the radar for prevention efforts against health care-associated infections.

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