Thenceforward, the islands were a bulwark to defend the Catalan coasts and a base from which trade and political expansion could be launched eastward. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. During his remaining two decades after Corbeil, James warred with the Moors in Murcia, on behalf of his son-in-law Alfonso X of Castile. The book contains proverbs from various authors, reaching from the time of King Solomon to nearly his own time with Albertus Magnus. [10] In consequence of the Albigensian Crusade, many troubadours were forced to flee southern France and many found refuge in Aragon. Peter endeavoured to placate the northern crusaders by arranging a marriage between his son Ja… Peter endeavoured to placate the northern crusaders by arranging a marriage between his son James and Simon's daughter. After his false start at uniting Aragon with the Kingdom of Navarre through a scheme of mutual adoption, James turned to the south and the Mediterranean Sea where he conquered Majorca on 31 December in 1229 and the rest of the Balearic Islands. James was a patron of the University of Montpellier, which owed much of its development to his impetus. On 26 March 1244, the two monarchs signed the Treaty of Almizra to establish their zones of expansion into Andalusia so as to prevent squabbling between them. He was an important figure in the development of Catalan, sponsoring Catalan literature and writing a quasi-autobiographical chronicle of his reign: the Llibre dels fets. During the demonstration, Egyptian troops hidden in the bushes ambushed a returning Frankish force that had been in Galilee. By the Treaty of Corbeil, signed in May 1258, he ended his conflict with Louis IX of France, securing the renunciation of French claims to sovereignty over Catalonia. A photograph of the king was taken. [9], Though James was himself a prose writer and sponsored mostly prose works, he had an appreciation of verse. James I the Conqueror was King of Aragon, Count of Barcelona, and Lord of Montpellier from 1213 to 1276; King of Majorca from 1231 to 1276; and Valencia from 1238 to 1276. [5] In the end, James accepted Theobald's succession. A Hebrew translator by the name of Jehuda was employed at James's court during this period. The next six years of his reign were full of rebellions on the part of the nobles. She bore him numerous children: James married thirdly Teresa Gil de Vidaure, but only by a private document, and left her when she developed leprosy. James was handed over, at Carcassonne, in May or June 1214, to the papal legate Peter of Benevento. James was born at Montpellier as the only son of Peter II of Aragon and Marie of Montpellier, heiress of William VIII of Montpellier and Eudokia Komnene. James also had several lovers, both during and after his marriages, and a few bore him illegitimate sons. His long reign—the longest of any Iberian monarch—saw the expansion of the Crown of Aragon in three directions: Languedoc to the north, the Balearic Islands to the southeast, and Valencia to the south. [edit] External links The Chronicle Of James I Of Aragon, full online book James I of Aragon, based on 1911's Enycyclopaedia Britannica Medieval Sourcebook, e-text of James's grant of trade privileges to Barcelona, 1232, freeing the city from tolls and imposts with his realms The Worlds of Alfonso the Learned and James the Conqueror, Robert I. Burns, S.J., ed. On balance, his reign was very beneficial. Updates? Statue of James I at the Sabatini Gardens in Madrid(J. León, 1753). Pope Gregory IX was required to intervene. Corrections? Peter endeavoured to placate the northern crusaders by arranging a marriage between his son James and Simon's daughter, when the former was only two year… It even contains maxims from the medieval Arab philosophers and from the Apophthegmata Philosophorum of Honein ben Ishak, which was probably translated at Barcelona during his reign. As a child, James was a pawn in the power politics of Provence, where his father was engaged in struggles helping the Cathar heretics of Albi against the Albigensian Crusaders led by Simon IV de Montfort, Earl of Leicester, who were trying to exterminate them.

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